Machu Picchu Facts
Machu Picchu facts: It’s over 32000 hectares of one of the most famous ruins of the world – yes, of course, it’s Machu Picchu. Situated on the eastern slope of the Andes, this magical place attracts visitors for centuries. The place is at 2430 m above the sea level and it is estimated that it’s built in 15th century. 1911 is a very important year for this Incan place. That is the year when explorer Bingham III visited this place and published his existence for the first time. Hiram Bingham was a Yale University professor at the time.
The deal is that the professor was not searching for Machu Picchu. He had in mind to find the last capital of the Inca Empire, Vilcabamba, before the Spaniards took that city in 1572. And he probably was stunned with this discovery. There, in front of his eyes, was this spectacular treasure of human civilization.
Machu Picchu was a project of the ninth ruler of the Inca, Pachacuti Inca Yapangui, in mid 1400. This emperor initiated a series of conquests at the time and created an empire that starched from (today) Ecuador to Chile. Scientists also believe that Machu Picchu was the emperor’s temporary respite.
With an elliptical design, the Temple of the Sun is the most significant structure of the place. Also, this temple tells us that most of the structures had spiritual meanings. Rock inside the temple could have served as an altar. Also, during the solstice of the June, the sun directly shines into one of the temple’s windows with the indication of an alignment between rock, solstice sun and the window. Right beneath the temple is naturally formed cave that Bingham referred to be a royal mausoleum.
More Machu Picchu facts: The city is also a place that didn’t survive the collapse of the Inca. 1572 is the date when this magnificent place became only a ruin. This place has a huge importance for today’s scientists as it shows us how developed were some nations at the time. It’s also showing how architecturally advanced knowledge Incan people had, because every construction they made was done precisely. Stunningly precisely.
Machu Picchu is one of the seven world wonders. The structures were constructed with a technique that is known by the name ashlar, and it is believed that no wheel was used to transport those heavy rocks up there. In native language of Quechua, Machu Picchu means Old Mountain or Old Peak. It’s the most important tourist attraction of Peru, but also one of the most important ones in the world, as well. You might know this place by the name Lost city and it’s only because the great mystery of how they did it – to build a city on the mountain without a wheel or iron tools. They also built more than 600 terraces to prevent city to slide down the mountain. There is also very clever and perfect water supply system that goes for about a kilometer through the city.
There are just so many reasons why to visit Machu Picchu. It’s an invitation for all people who love history, nature and hiking. It’s a place that will change the way you see vacation. It’s definitely something that will stay in your mind as long as you remember, because that view of the city and of the Andes that surrounds you is absolutely divine.
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